When you are trying to be pregnant actively, the period of 2 weeks between ovulation and a menstrual cycle (or positive pregnancy test) could seem much longer. If you are like most other women, you will pay special attention to every craving, yawn, twinge and ache that the body has and wonder if it is a symptom of pregnancy.
One of the most obvious signs that you need to look for is implantation bleeding. However, there are a lot of questions on this: what does it mean? Can implantation bleeding be red? While it could be quite difficult to tell, a lot of women who experience to have normal and healthy pregnancies have what is called implantation bleeding at the time when the embryo lodges itself in the uterus’s side.
What is implantation bleeding?
At the time when the egg is fertilized successfully by the sperm, an embryo will start dividing, growing and sending out signals to the body of a woman for pregnancy preparation. In turn, the endometrium, which is the uterus’s walls, also begins to change. In general, they have already thickened during a menstrual cycle, but they will need to mature and grow even more to nourish and protect the embryo for 9 months.
Anywhere from 6 to 12 days after being fertilized, the rapidly-growing embryo has changed the position from Fallopian tubes to the uterus. In this period, the endometrium has been full enough to nurture the embryo, which will start to require more nutrients. After that, the embryo will attach to the endometrium, thereby becoming dependent on the body of a mother for oxygen and nutrients for the first time.
When does implantation bleeding happen?
When the embryo is implanting in the uterus, it could interfere small blood vessel in the spot which it is attaching. This will not lead to any issues, but several women would experience minor bleeding, from brown, red to pink discharge. In general, the implantation bleeding would possibly occur earlier than the expected flow each month (often around 5 to 10 days after the conception).
How do you know it is not period but implantation bleeding?
As implantation bleeding usually happens before you take a positive pregnancy test, it could be difficult to know if minor bleeding would be an early indication of pregnancy or only a usual spotting that leads up to the period. And unluckily, there is no symptom or reliable test that would tell you this.
The best method to know if you are pregnant or not is waiting a couple more days and then have a pregnancy test. In addition, the timing of the last intercourse would also help to figure out this: If it has been more than 2 weeks, it is impossibly that implantation is the main reason for bleeding.
As mentioned earlier, the roughly one-third of people who experienced implantation bleeding usually report that it is different from their normal premenstrual spotting. Several of them say that the blood is basically dark or not as red as normal blood during period. Other women experience mild cramping the same time with spotting. But for a lot of people, the 2 forms of bleeding are not so distinct at all.
When should you see a doctor?
It is usually normal to experience minor bleeding in pregnancy, even at times rather than implantation. The causes could include usual things such as sex, infection of your vagina or irritation of your cervix after the pelvic exam.
But sometimes, because bleeding after a positive pregnancy test could be an indication of miscarriage, molar pregnancy or ectopic pregnancy, you always need to call a doctor if you are bleeding so that you could talk with him through any other signs. Do not worry too much as everything will be fine when the bleeding is minor and does not persist long.