There are several types of food to take care or avoid when you are pregnant since they would harm the baby or make you sick. Therefore, always make sure that you learn the essential information about which foods should you should avoid, can you eat maggots, or is consuming seafood safe during pregnancy. This article will show you all necessary facts to have a healthy diet for you and your baby.
Pâté during pregnancy
Avoid all kinds of pâté, such as vegetable type, because they could contain listeria. In addition, stay away from partially cooked or raw eggs, including homemade mayonnaise when you are pregnant. If you want to eat foods that contain partially cooked or raw eggs, then you should consider consuming pasteurized liquid egg.
Make sure that eggs are cooked thoroughly until the yolks and whites are solid to avoid the risks of salmonella poisoning, which could give you serious vomiting and diarrhea.
Undercooked or raw meats are risky during pregnancy
Do not consume undercooked or raw meats, including rare-cooked steaks and meat joints, due to the possible risks of toxoplasmosis, which could damage the baby.
Cook all poultry and meat thoroughly and carefully so there is no trace of blood or pink and it is steaming hot, particularly with sausages, pork, poultry and minced meats, including burger.
Thoroughly wash all utensils and surfaces after preparing raw meats to prevent harmful bugs from spreading. Then wash and make your hand dry after handling and touching raw meats.
Liver could harm an unborn baby
Do not eat liver-containing or liver products, including haggis, liver sausage or liver pâté since they might contain a high amount of vitamin A, which could harm the baby.
Fish during pregnancy
You could eat most kinds of fish during pregnancy as they are good for the development of the baby and your health. However, you should restrict the consuming amount and avoid several kinds of fish.
Fish to avoid: When you want to be pregnant or already pregnant, you should not eat marlin, swordfish or shark.
Fish to limit: You also need to eat limiting amount of tuna as below:
- No more than 2 tuna steaks each week (about 170 grams raw or 140 grams cooked each)
- 4 medium-sized cans of tuna each week (about 140 grams when drained)
It is mainly because mercury could be found in tuna more than any other kinds of fish, which would have negative effect on the development of nervous system in baby if you take a high amount of mercury.
Sushi during pregnancy
It is fine to consume lightly cooked or raw fish such as sushi while you are pregnant as long as it is frozen first before cooked. In general, this is simply because wild fish has small parasitic worm which would make you feel sick. Freezing and cooking will help to kill the worms and make raw fishes safe for eating.
Several types of farmed fish, such as salmon, would be eaten raw in sushi without the need to freeze before. This is mainly because they are highly unlikely to have parasitic worm thanks to the rearing technique used.
The safest way to eat sushi during pregnancy is to go for vegetarian or fully cooked types, which could include:
- fully cooked eggs
- avocado, such as California roll
- vegetables, such as cucumber (kappa)
- cooked seafood, such as fully cooked shrimp (ebi) or eel (unagi)
Peanut is safe during pregnancy
In general, you could eat peanuts or foods containing peanut, including peanut butter in pregnancy.
You might have heard that peanut should be avoided in pregnancy mainly because the government used to advise women to stay away from consuming peanuts if they had an allergy history, including food allergy, hay fever, eczema and asthma, in the immediate family of their baby. These days, this advice has been changed as the latest research has provided no obvious connection between consuming peanuts during pregnancy and the risks of developing allergy in the baby.
Yoghurt and milk during pregnancy
Stick to UHT (ultra-heat treated) or pasteurized milk. If there is just unpasteurized or raw milk available, then you should boil it first. Do not drink unpasteurized milk of sheep or goat, or eat any foods made from them, including soft goat's cheese.
All kinds of yoghurt, such as low-fat, live and bio, are fine. You just need to check if any types of homemade yoghurt are made with pasteurized milk and avoid it if not.
Caffeine during pregnancy
High amount of caffeine could lead to low weight of your baby at birth, which would increase the risks of health issues in later years. In addition, too much caffeine could also result in miscarriage.
Naturally, caffeine could be found in a lot of foods, such as chocolate, tea, coffee, and several types of energy and soft drinks. A couple of flue and cold remedies also have caffeine. Therefore, remember to ask for advice from your doctor, pharmacist or midwife before using those remedies.
Green teas and herbal during pregnancy
There is little evidence on the safety of green teas and herbal for a pregnant woman, so it is advisable to drink them in small quantities.
Some experts recommend taking no more than abound 4 cups of green teas or herbal each day during pregnancy. Ask for advice from a midwife or doctor if you are not sure about which types of herbal product are safe to drink. Always remember that green tea always contains caffeine.