For many people, one of the greatest worry when they are pregnant is if their babies might be breech. In general, it is definitely more complicated with breech babies when you want to have a natural delivery. Luckily, there are a lot of useful methods for you to know if your child would be breech.


What is a breech position in baby?

In general, nearly 90 per cent of the babies would favor a position with their head down. When this situation does not happen during delivery, which means the heads of your babies are not down, but their feet or butt, we call it a breech position. It is estimated that just about 3 per cent of kids have this problem when they are delivered.

​Types of breech position

​There are 5 main forms of breech position in a baby:

​Frank breech

​In this type, the bottom part of your kid would come first and his or her legs would flexed with the knees closed to the ears. In general, from 65 to 70 per cent of breech kids face this problem. Some midwives or doctors would deliver those kids vaginally.

Complete breech

Your kid will be in a position with cross-legged and feet near the bottom. Similar to frank breech, some midwives or doctors would deliver those kids vaginally.

Foot breech (double or single)

The baby’s feet will come first. In other words, he or she could be delivered in a position almost like standing in which both (double) or just one feet (single) come first. In fact, this is a rare form and happens most commonly in premature delivery or baby. It is often compulsory to apply Cesarean sections for a baby foot breech position.

Kneel breech

In this case, your baby will kneel with both or just one legs, which is extended with bent knees at his or her hips. This form is really rare and usually not even considered as a form of breech position.

Foot – frank breech

This form is a combination of a flexed foot as in frank breech and a bent foot as in complete breech.

​How to know if your baby is in breech position?

​Hopefully, a practitioner or midwife would palpate or examine your belly between 30 and 34 weeks of pregnancy to know the position of your baby, thereby telling if you have a baby with breech position or not. Even though this is definitely not a scientifically proven task, it could be rather exact and also a good alternative for those who want to eliminate or reduce the use of ultrasounds.

​In the process of palpating, your practitioner or midwife will press firmly several areas on the belly to look for the head, butt and back of your baby. In addition, they would also use a fetal Doppler or fetoscope to listen the heartbeat of your kid, which would also tell the midwife position of the baby. If you and your midwife are still not sure of the kid’s position, ultrasound is also a good choice as it would provide you with absolutely exact result.

​A couple of mothers would have a feeling of their baby’s position and could also be aware of the baby head’s hardness when it presses against the pelvic bone or rib cage. Another sign of your kid’s position would be based on his or her kicks. Otherwise, if you are aware of many kicks in the pelvic bones, then a high chance that you might have a baby in breech position. Otherwise, if you are feeling lots of kicks on the ribs, it would be likely to have a head down position.

​What are the reasons for a breech position in baby?

​In general, there are different reasons for causing a breech position. Several of those conditions are completely out of control. More specifically, it is likely to face a breech position:

  • In a subsequent pregnancy
  • In multiple pregnancy
  • When you are recorded with premature labor
  • If former cesarean was preformed
  • When the womb has too little or too much amniotic fluid
  • When there is a womb with abnormal growth or shape such as fibroid.
  • In a person who has placenta previa

What should you do to avoid a breech position in your kid?

The following is a useful list of activities that you would do daily or weekly to prevent a breech position happen to your baby:


Brisk and short walking helps to stretch the psoas muscles, keep the flexibility and have a better fetal position. Therefore, remember to walk every day.


One of the most common causes of a breech position is sitting in wrong way. Make sure to follow the following instructions when you have a sit:

  • Keep your back straight
  • Place your weight on the hamstrings instead of the tailbone
  • Keep your knees and belly lower than your hips.
  • Do not round out the lower back, but keep a suitable curve
  • Avoid sitting on any seats that are overly comfortable and soft because they are really bad for your posture.


When you are standing and walking, allow the lower part of your back sway forwards. This would help you to keep good gravity and posture, thereby encouraging the kid to move his or her head down.

Stretch and exercise

One of the simplest, cheapest, best and probably most available method to make sure a head down position in your baby would be the optimum exercises for baby positioning. In general, they are really essential to keep the muscles as well as body loose and flexible.

Nancy D. Richardson

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