Nausea and indigestion during pregnancy often comes with many common problems apart from morning sickness. For example, several women have worsening signs when their babies grow, while some people experience frequent heartburn. In some worst situations, nausea and throwing up stomach acid while pregnant are so serious that a woman must need medical treatment.
Why nausea, indigestion and pregnancy go together?
During pregnancy, problems with digestion, including heartburn and morning sickness, are quite common.
There are not any exact answer why some pregnant women experience morning sickness and the others do not. In general, the natural level of progesterone and estrogen in a woman change quickly when she gets pregnant, and the doctors believe that the vomiting and nausea are the results of those changes. For a normal people, morning sickness could happen on the first week and often disappear after 4 months of pregnancy.
On the other hands, heartburn often happens in later stage of the pregnancy when the stomach acid does not stay in your stomach. Generally, a group of muscle on the top of your stomach would clamp down as a valve for holding in the digestive acid. Throughout the pregnant period, hormones would make this muscle group to relax, thereby allowing the valve to slacken and leak, as well as slow down the digestion. As a result, when your baby and pregnancy develops, heartburn is more likely to happen with the pressing of uterus against your stomach.
Treatment for morning sickness
In early stage of pregnancy, morning sickness is usually the main cause for nausea and indigestion. Most people will stop experiencing morning sickness at the end of their first trimester, while several continue to suffer from nausea during their pregnancy.
The following are a couple of methods to treat nausea:
- Eat small meals frequently with foods that are rich in vitamins, protein, or complex carbohydrate which is low in fat.
- Place a snack near the bed to eat it right before you move out of your bed every morning.
- Frequently eat small snacks for each hour or 2.
- Drink a lot of water, particularly warm water, because this is usually easier on the stomach.
- Stay away from cigarette smoke or other strong smells.
When the nausea happen, try the following remedies:
- Change to simple foods such as plain and broth cracker.
- Nibble on the candied ginger or sip a cup of ginger tea.
Heartburn and pregnancy
A young woman usually has heartburn for her first time when she is in pregnancy. It could be frightening if you have never felt that before. In general, this is a burning feeling which begins below your breastbone and might move up to your throat. In times, you would also have a chronic painful throat or an unpleasant taste on the back of your mouth.
How to prevent heartburn
Making suitable and careful choices for food could help to prevent heartburn.
- Divide your meals into many parts during the day.
- Drink liquid between your meals and just take a small amount of water with food.
- Stay away from trigger foods such as peppermint, chocolate, caffeine, spicy and fatty foods mainly because they could set off the heartburn.
- Lying flat would make the acid in your stomach step out. Thus, you should lift the head of the bed or prop the pillow up.
- After eating, do not lie down immediately.
- Avoid restrictive clothing mainly because they could push on the aggravate signs and pregnant belly.
- Do not gain more weight than necessary to have a healthy pregnancy.
When should you worry?
In times, nausea or indigestion during pregnancy would be inevitable. Nevertheless, some mothers have such serious problems that they get severely ill, which could lead to some risks for your baby. If you have any of the following signs, immediately see the doctor to figure the issues:
- Throwing up blood.
- Vomiting dark substance, which might be blood saying your stomach for a long time.
- Regular vomiting, which happen more than 3 times each day, or being not able to keep liquid and food down.
- Loss of weight.
- Continuing heartburn that would wake you up at night.
- Stool of blood.
It is quite normal if the morning sickness lasts beyond your first trimester. You should see a doctor if still experiencing vomiting or nausea after the first couple months of pregnancy.